Origins of Russian Avant garde
architectural projects from
the collection of Museum of MARCHI 1920-1930,
Archivio di Stato, Florence from 22nd
January to 22nd February 2005
Museo del MARCHI, Moscow Architectural Institute
CSA, Center of Contemporary Architecture, Russia
Fondazione Romualdo Del Bianco
Faculty of Architecture, Univesity of Florence
Comune di Firenze, Assessorato alle Relazioni Internazionali
Archivio di Stato di Firenze
Viva Hotels, ART in our heART
With the support of Ford Foundation, Moscow
VKHUTEMAS (VCHUTEMAS)- A MESSAGE TO THE 21ST CENTURY
The Russian architectural avant garde of the 1920s - the 1930s is one of the bright art phenomena of
the 20th century. Together with the French
rationalism, German and Dutch functionalism it is a
turning point in the historical development of the
world architectural process, having expressed in
unusual forms utopian ideas of the future subject
world, a new way of life, of the environment of a
new Utopia. Much less is known about the school of
the VKHUTEMAS, than about the Bauhaus - the allied
educational institute though their lives, purposes
and ideals coincide up to incredibility. The
generators of a new aesthetics born by the social
revolution and victims of totalitarianism, they were
that boiler where the new architecture was smelted.
The heritage of the Bauhaus has been investigated
thoroughly. The knowledge of the VKHUTEMAS is far
from being exhausted. The Moscow Architectural
Institute is an heir of the VKHUTEMAS traditions.
The MARCHI Museum has been collecting a unique
collection of educational and design works by
teachers and students of the VKHUTEMAS for fifteen
years. The vanguard ideology of the VKHUTEMAS was
reflected in exhibitions of that time. At the well
known international exhibition in Paris in 1925 (in
the pavilion designed by K. Melnikov) students'
works, executed under N. Ladovsky and V. Krinsky,
were awarded Grand prix. The «First exhibition of
contemporary architecture» took place in Moscow in
1927 (in the building of the VKHUTEMAS).
Architectural higher schools and leading architects
of the European countries who have offered their
vision of architectural avant guarde took part in it,
having formed thus «a united front of modern
architecture. The first prize was received by the
architects Vesnin brothers - teachers of the
VKHUTEMAS for the project of a Palace of Labour ,the
second prize by the student of the VKHUTEMAS I.
Leonidov for his diploma work «Lenin Institute».
After the VKHUTEMAS was shut down educational works
were not exposed for a long time. During the last
decades they began to be exhibited at such
prestigious international exhibitions, as «Moscow
-Paris» (1986), «Moscow - Berlin» (1996). «The
VKHUTEMAS: sources of the Russian avant garde» is
the first exhibition representing the VKHUTEMAS and
its architectural faculty abroad. I hope, you will
receive some new knowledge of the heroic period in
the history of arts of Russia, and maybe of the
whole world, will feel the burning breath of the
epoch full of hopes and expectations of the time in
which we live today. And welcome to the space of the
President of the MARCHI,
President of the Russian Academy of Architecture and
V. Kolpakova. G. Klutsis's workshop Colour Solution
for an Architectural Volume. 1928-1929.
I. Golosov. Pavilion of the Far East. All-Russian
Agricultural, Handicraft and Industrial Exhibition.
A. Zal'tsman. A. Vesnin's workshop. Movie Studio.
Last course project. 1926-1927.
Students of the VKHUTEMAS at the demonstration.1922.